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Considering that an engine is only an air pump...air in and air out, with every cycle of the engine it inhales a measured amount of air based on the cubic inches of displacement and exhales more due to the expansion within the combustion chamber. The variable is the amount of fuel you add to the air and what the combustion chamber does to it.
No carburetor can be tuned correctly without having
the timing events correct and the Ignition system must be adequate for the
application and be able to hold the timing events correctly under load.
80% or more of tech calls we receive on carburetor issues usually are cured by
setting the timing events correctly and upgrading the ignition system to handle
the engine and today's fuel formulations.
When you go WOT your carb butterflies create a huge hole to the intake manifold, the bigger the hole the lower the velocity or air speed....too big a hole and you lose too much velocity, this loss of velocity and the valve open time being so short it can't fill to it's max potential or sweep the spent exhaust gases out of the combustion chamber...too big of a carb equals lower horsepower/tork output, poor drivability, tip in stumble, poor low end tork and for the Drag Racer a time slip that shows a mediocre 60' time.
If the carb is too small it creates a restriction or vacuum condition in the intake and again the intake valve can't deliver a full charge of fresh air (O2) and fuel.
These variances in the intake manifold vacuum signals send a message to the carb and dictate how much fuel it's going to add to the air rushing through it.
This balance is critical to achieve optimum performance.
This is not a mystical theory or opinion but a calculated physics formula based on:
Load: Weight, gearing, tire size, trans type and Convertor stall.
Demand: Cam lift, duration, manifold type, intake runner size, valve sizes, header efficiency, basically the ability of the engine to breath.
Combustion Chamber efficiency: Size and shape of the chamber, compression ratio, swept volume and combustion chamber quality.
Application: Drag Racing, Road Racing, Off Road, Street, Circle Track, Trailer Queen, Grandma's 67 Polara Station Wagon Grocery Getter.
Here's a quick Calculator designed to help you size your carburetor:
When all these things are considered the correct size and series of carb can be chosen and optimum efficiency will be obtained. To think that you can carb the worlds performance market with 1 carburetor like Edelbrock does like some company's is surrendering the optimum for low level mediocrity.
The art of fine tuning a carbureted engine is almost a lost art, there's only a few old timers left that can listen and feel the performance of an engine and determine which screw needs to be turned, which way and how far. Modern automotive tech schools keep a carburetor around just to show our up and coming parts changers what they look like and as a comparison to modern fuel injection.....they keep them in a glass case like old bones in a Museum.
If your not a carb tuner then you need to be sure and purchase your carburetor from someone who is, once you learn the basics and get it all dialed in keep a screw driver handy and the first person who attempts to "Tune" your carb....stab him with it!
Get the Whole Book!
The best tip I can give you on your Ignition System ... "Stay away from Chinese Electronics"
Think MSD is the ultimate solution? Don't fall for all the creative writing by the marketing department, compare US Made quality here
The big red box is Not made in the USA any longer,
it's now all imported, from guess where?
541-942-5920 Call Or Text Your Questions
Monday - Thursday 8am - 3pm